Posted by Simon Jose N in Non-Vocational lectures association's official site. See the original page from the following link
SURVEY ON VHSE
Binu P Thayil
(Non Vocational Lecturer in English,
Non Vocational Lecturers Association
Dr.Mohan Varughese (Prof of Political Science,
Mar Thoma College, Thiruvalla)
Dr. M.S. Umesh (District Forensic Surgeon)
Vinod Balakrishnan (Director, Photoshop, Microsoft, U.S.A.)
Dr.K.V.Varughese,(Retd.Prof of Political Science,
Mar Thoma College, Thiruvalla)
Sri. Vinod Elakolloor (Media person)
Sri. Shaji Parippally (Lecturer in Botany, P.U.M.V.H.S.S., Pallickal)
Sri. Sunil P. (HSST English, Govt. H.S.S., Thottakonam)
Adv. M.S. Madhu
Sri. Biju K.B., Manager, Federal Bank, Delhi
all well-wishers and friends who contributed their valuable ideas to this academic venture for rejuvenating the Vocational Higher Secondary Education of Kerala
the young generation of Kerala who have to realize/fulfil the dream of
the Father of Our Nation who conceptualized education for self empowerment.
- Courses are not updated to match the job challenges of the modern globalized world. At present VHSE fails to act either as a strong foundation course or as a strong basis for self employment/career. The survey revealed widespread discontent among the teaching fraternity and student community regarding the syllabi and conduct of the VHSE in Kerala. Nearly 95% of teachers interviewed were of the opinion that the vocational syllabus reform is highly pertinent. 74% of the students opted VHSE since they were unsure of making it to the HSE. 82% of the students were unaware of the prospects of VHS courses. Around 72% of the parents are in the dark about the courses and their prospects.
- Unscientific Timetable
- Physical Education has not yet been a part of the mainstream VHSE, though there is a course exclusively for it.
- Lack of qualified persons to conduct academic supervision in schools as the Headmaster of the High School is given full additional charge of Principal.
- Recognition problem with various Universities outside Kerala.
- Names of the existing courses such as MRRTV. Clothing and Embroidery, MRDA, MRTT etc mislead the community at large to believe that the syllabus covers just the titled areas alone.
- The vocational syllabus does not cover important core areas related to the concerned subject and its new developments.
- The syllabus of the General Foundation Course has to be modified as to incorporate more relevant areas.
- PSC recognition has to be ensured to all the VHSE courses so as to make the course more appealing in terms of job prospects.
- Despite having highly qualified teaching faculty (engineers, veterinary doctors, dentists, lab technicians, computer experts etc) the quality of education is not up to the mark due to the inadequacy of syllabus, especially in the Vocational area.
- Lack of professionalism which continued for a long period of twenty years in the absence of permanent officials in the Administrative System and lack of permanent teaching faculty in the Govt. VHS Schools. (The issue has been partly solved with the appointment of Administrative Staff and teaching faculty by Public Service Commission.)
Suggestions for Improvement
- Syllabus of Vocational subjects: Vocational content should be strengthened by making the students undergo training in four core areas in the concerned paper – two in the first year and two in the second year. The syllabus has to be designed by experts in the concerned field.
- Academic Supervision: Lack of competent persons to perform the Academic Supervision is a matter of grave concern in the VHSE. As the school Head master (who doesn’t possess adequate qualification to be a VHSE teacher and thereby also fails to command the respect of the VHSE teachers) is redesignated as principal at present in the VHSE, academic supervision is being compromised. Thereby, the quality of education is also compromised. So, the senior most qualified teacher from the VHSE may be appointed as the principal to ensure proper academic supervision.
- Renaming of Courses: Instead of confining to the repairing or maintenance of equipment, the area it covers would be a better title as in the case of engineering subjects. E.g. Electronics, Automobile, Mechanical, Civil, Fashion Designing etc instead of MRRTV, MRA,MR2W&3W, MRDA,CCM, Clothing & Embroidery etc.
- Syllabus of GFC: General Foundation Course should be converted to a Vocational paper since it aims at creating the right sort of aptitude for a job. At present, there are only two periods per week for GFC, which should be made four/week. (Thereby the GFC teachers too would be eligible for a scale of pay, which is sadly being denied now.) Currently Entrepreneurship and Environment are the only two papers included in it. Soft Skill Development Programs (GD, Seminars, and Presentations etc), Personality Development and Professional Management should also be included.
- PSC Recognition for all Vocational Courses: Out of the forty two courses conducted by the VHSE only thirteen courses have got the recognition of the Kerala Public Service Commission. The recognition has to be extended to all the courses so as to make it more appealing and utilitarian. Concurrence of other departments has to be attained to fulfil this long cherished dream, so that the Public Service Commission will consider VHSE as one of the basic qualifications for a job in the concerned field.
- Timetable: The ideal attention span of students is 40 – 45 minutes. Currently each period is of one hour duration. If the duration of each period is shortened to 45 minutes each, as in the Higher Secondary Education, there is the feasibility element as well as convenience for different subjects to get adequate time. The present timetable does not contain adequate leisure time and the students find it very difficult to cope with.
- Physical Education: Physical Education has not yet been a part of the mainstream VHSE, though there is a course exclusively for it. As per the new policy of the Government it has to be included in the curriculum. For that the existing timetable has to be rescheduled.
- Recognition for VHSE Courses by all Universities outside Kerala: It is claimed by the Vocational Higher Secondary department that it has got the recognition of the Association of Indian Universities, the apex body which recognizes the various courses conducted by the Universities in India. But Universities like MGR University, Tamil Nadu, Rajeev Gandhi University of Health Education, Karnataka and some other Universities still fail to acknowledge VHSE of Kerala as an equivalent of Higher Secondary Education. So it is high time the Government took steps so as to resolve this issue as it badly affects the reputation of the courses.
- On the Job Training (OJT): OJT can be made more effective if the Government/the Department itself finds institutions/firms where the students may undergo OJT in the concerned area. At present the quality of OJT is compromised as the schools themselves have to find firms for OJT, and these firms may not have enough infrastructural facilities to train the students. OJT should be conducted during the summer vacation so that valuable instruction time can be saved. Proper monitoring should ensured on the conduct of OJT
- Excess Workload for a Section of Teachers: In schools where there are three or four courses in Science, Physics, Chemistry and Biology teachers already have a workload of 24 hours per week. When it is converted into periods of 45minutes duration, their workload will go up to 32 periods per week. Twenty four hours per week is unscientific as far as the workload of a teacher is concerned, especially under the grading system. To improve the quality of education to the desired level, fresh appointments will have to be made to streamline the workload and increase productivity. The existing workload of 24 hours per week itself is an overburden for those who handle it. To bring out the best of any system of education, the quality has to be ensured through academic measures which primarily consist of having enough time and competent faculty who are not under the duress of excess workload.
- Computer Education: For the existing courses in the Group D (like Accountancy and Auditing, Office Secretary Ship, Group Insurance, Marketing and Salesmanship, Banking Assistance, Reception, Book keeping and Communication), typewriting and shorthand are the areas specified for practical work related to the vocational content. It is absolutely nonsensical to conduct such practical work as typewriting and shorthand as it has given way to modern job opportunities in the field of computers. Instead, the basics of computer has to be taught like MS Office, Internet etc, which will be an added advantage to the students.
- Lateral Entry into Polytechnics: VHSE pass outs have a 2% reservation for admission to the Polytechnics of Kerala. It is desirable to allow lateral entry for the VHSE pass outs to the Polytechnics of the State as in Tamil Nadu, so that more students will opt for VHSE as a window to technical education.
- Reservation for admission to courses like B.Sc. MLT, B.Sc. Agriculture etc: At present VHSE pass outs have a 5% reservation to B.Sc. MLT courses under the Mahatma Gandhi University. It should be extended to all the universities in Kerala. It will be advantageous to give this benefit to B.Sc. Agriculture Course as well.
1. Government jobs
2. Technical – Professional jobs
3. Career in companies, educational institutions, media and law
4. Self employment or agriculture.
G.K. & Current Affairs
Electronics – Transmission, Communication, Electronic Equipment Manufacture
Other Engineering subjects and their related areas of technological relevance
E.g. Civil & 3 related core papers
Mechanical & 3 related core papers
Automobile & 3 related core papers
Accountancy – Bank Management/Bank Services, Stock Broking, Taxation, E-Commerce, Marketing, Costing, Company Secretary, Retailing, Insurance, Business
Law – Cyber Law, Forensic Science, Criminology, Intellectual Property Rights
Communicative English, Functional English, IELTS, TOEFL, CGFNS
Genetics/ Human Biology
Fashion Technology – Textile Dyeing & Weaving, Fashion Journalism/ Consultancy, Accessory Design, Garment Making Technology, Modelling
Bio- Technology (Basics)
Bio – Informatics
|8.30 – 9.15am||1st period||8.30 – 9.30am||1st period|
|9.15 – 10.00||2nd period||9.30 – 10.30||2nd period|
|10.00 – 10.45||3rd period||10.30 – 11.30||3rd period|
|10.45 – 10.55||INTERVAL||11.30-12.30||4th period|
|10.55 – 11.40||4th period||12.30 – 1.30 pm||LUNCH BREAK|
|11.40 – 12.25||5th period||1.30 – 2.30||5th period|
|12.25 – 1.20 pm||LUNCH BREAK||2.30 - 3.30||6th period|
|1.20 – 2.05||6th period||3.30-4.30||7th period|
|2.05 - 2.50||7th period|
|2.50 – 3.00||INTERVAL|
|3.00 – 3.45||8th period|
|3.45 – 4.30||9th period|
A model timetable for a class is given below (Proposed).
| || 1|
| 3|| 4|| 5||6||7||8 ||9 |
|VT||GFC||VP ||VP |
Vocational Theory has been allotted eight periods per week. It is desirable to have equal number of periods for practical as well (i.e. 8 per week). The remaining two periods currently shown against Vocational Practical can be utilized for Physical Education.
Number of periods allotted for each subject in each class (Proposed):
Physics – 8 (6 theory 2 practical) = 6 hrs
Chemistry - 8 (6 theory 2 practical) = 6 hrs
Biology - 8 (6 theory 2 practical) / Mathematics – 8 = 6 hrs
English – 8 = 6 hrs
Vocational Theory – 8 = 6 hrs
Vocational Practical – 10 = 7.5 hrs* (*8 = 6 hrs)
(*Physical Education – 2 = 1.5 hrs)
GFC – 4 = 3 hrs
Business Studies – 8 = 6 hrs
Accountancy - 8 (6 theory 2 practical) = 6 hrs
Management - 8 = 6 hrs
Number of periods allotted for each subject in each class (Existing):
Physics – 6 (4 theory 2 practical)
Chemistry - 6 (4 theory 2 practical)
Biology – 6 (4 theory 2 practical) / Mathematics – 6
English - 6
Vocational Theory - 7
Vocational Practical – 9
GFC – 2
Business Studies - 6
Accountancy - 6
Management - 6
week, which has created many problems to the concerned teachers. It has gone to the extent of the Government denying them the scale of pay. So we propose that the number of periods be hiked to four per week so that at least part time scale is given to the GFC teachers in schools where they have only two courses. Increase in the content of GFC definitely demands more number of periods.)
The basic principle of education is that a sound mind exists only in a sound body. More than that the sports activities enhances the overall enthusiasm of the students which will naturally be transformed into their academic performance also. So Physical Education has to be included in the curriculum.
The timetable we have proposed ensures uniformity in the sense that it allows all the important subjects to have eight periods per week. It deals with the lack of uniformity in allocation of periods.