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Name Birth-Death Reign Period Notes
|Zaheeruddin Babar||February 23, 1483-|
December 26, 1530
|1526-1530||Founder of the Mughal Dynasty.|
|Nasiruddin Mohammed Humayun||March 6, 1508-|
Reign interrupted by Suri Dynasty.Youth and inexperience at
ascension led tohis being regarded as a less effective ruler than
usurper, Sher Shah Suri.
|Sher Shah Suri||1472-|
|1540-1545||Deposed Humayun and led the Suri Dynasty; |
introduced tight, effective administration policies that would later
be adopted by Akbar.
|Islam Shah Suri||1500-|
|1545-1554||2nd and last ruler of the Suri Dynasty, with less |
control of the empire than his father; claims of sons Sikandar and
Adil Shah were eliminated by Humayun's restoration.
|Nasiruddin Mohammed Humayun||March 6, 1508 -|
|1555-1556||Restored rule was more unified and effective than initial reign of 1530-1540; left unified empire for his son, Akbar.|
|Jalaluddin Mohammed Akbar||November 14, 1542-|
October 27, 1605
|1556-1605||Akbar greatly expanded the Empire and is regarded |
as the most illustrious ruler of the Mughal Dynasty as he set up the
empire's various institutions; he married Mariam-uz-Zamani, a Rajput
princess. He eventually founded Din-i-Ilahi, a syncretic religion
based on Hinduism and Islam.
|Nuruddin Mohammed Jahangir||October 1569 -|
|1605-1627||Jahangir set the precedent for sons rebelling |
against their Emperor fathers. Opened first relations with the
British East India Company. Reportedly was an alcoholic and his wife
Empress Nur Jahan became the real power behind the throne and
competently ruled in his place.
|Shahabuddin Mohammed Shah Jahan Known as Prince Khurram before ascension to the throne||January 5, 1592 -|
|1627-1658||Under him, Mughal art and architecture reached |
their zenith; constructed the Taj Mahal, Jama Masjid,
Jahangirmausoleum and Shalimar Gardens inLahore.Deposed and
imprisoned by his son Aurangzeb.
|Moinuddin Mohammed Aurangzeb Alamgir||October 21, 1618 -|
March 3, 1707
|1658-1707||More conservative in behavior and far less extravagant as the previous emperors; brought back Islamic law, and the jizya|
tax. His conquests expanded the empire to its greatest extent,
incorporating much of southern India; the over-stretched empire would
face challenges after his death.
|Bahadur Shah I|
a.k.a Shah Alaam
|October 14, 1643 -|
|1707-1712||First of the Mughal emperors to preside over a |
steady and severe decline in the territories under the empire's
control and military power. After his reign, the emperor became a
progressively insignificant figurehead.
|Jahandar Shah||1664 -|
|1712-1713||He was merely a puppet in the hands of his Chief |
Minister Zulfikar Khan. The acts of Jahandar Shah brought down the
prestige of the Mughal Empire.
|1713-1719||In 1717 he granted a firman to the English East |
India Company granting them duty free trading rights for Bengal, and
confirmed their position in India.
|Rafi Ul-Darjat||Unknown -|
a.k.a Shah Jahan II
|Mohammed Ibrahim||Unknown -|
|1719-1720, 1720-1748||Suffered the invasion of Nadir-Shah of Persia in 1739.|
One more powerpoint on mughal emperors